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Nonlinguistic Representation

Students should create graphic representations, models, mental pictures, drawings, pictographs, and participate in kinesthetic activity in order to assimilate knowledge.


Use images to assist with comprehension – main ideas, details, inferences, analogies, metaphors.


Use a variety of organizers to construct mental images of what is being learned.

The “dual-coding” theory of information storage postulates that knowledge is stored in two forms—linguistic (words) and imagery (mental pictures).

  • Create graphic organizers

    Descriptive Patterns

    Time-Sequence Patterns

    Process/Cause-Effect Patterns

    Episode Patterns

    Generalization/Principle Patterns

    Concept Patterns

  • Using other nonlinguistic representations

    Making physical models

    Generating mental pictures

    Drawing pictures and pictographs

    Engaging in kinesthetic activity

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